Product design is the process of creating and developing new products, services, or systems with the goal of addressing a specific need or solving a particular problem. Product design involves a range of activities, including research, prototyping, testing, and refining the final product. The product design process typically begins with research to identify a need or opportunity in the market, followed by ideation and concept development to generate potential solutions. Once a concept has been developed, designers will create prototypes and test them to ensure that they meet user needs and expectations. Throughout the design process, designers will also consider factors such as manufacturing, distribution, and sustainability to ensure that the final product is viable and practical. Product design can be applied to a wide range of industries and products, from consumer electronics and household appliances to medical devices and transportation systems. Effective product design requires a combination of technical knowledge, creativity, and user-centered design principles to create products that are both functional and appealing to users.